Cushing’s Triad is a set of three primary signs that often indicate an increase in intracranial pressure (ICP). These signs include the following:
1. A change in respirations, often irregular and deep, such as cheyne stokes
2. A widening pulse pressure (the difference between the Systolic and the Diastolic BP)
3. Bradycardia (slow heart rate).
Cushing’s Triad was originally identified by a famous Neurosurgeon by the name of Harvey William Cushing.
Cushing’s Triad is an important, but late sign of raised intracranial pressure that doctors, paramedics and nurses must be on the look for with patients who have had a recent head injury, brain injury, neurosurgery, or anyone with a sudden altered level of consciousness.