Abdominal trauma causes specific injuries and introduced the possiblities of specific pathophysiology related to abdominal trauma. These are some main concepts to keep in mind if you are treating someone with abdominal trauma:
1. Any injury to solid or hollow organs may lead to hypovolaemia
2. Damage to hollow organs may lead to rupture and risk of peritonitis
3. More than one mechanism may be involved.
4. Full organs may rupture, as opposed to hollow organs. For example, a full bladder versus an empty bladder.